Individualization of Future Foreign Languages Teacher’s Professional Training in Distance Education Conditions
Keywords:Distance Studying, Professional Training, SMART-Online, Pros and Cons, Distance Education
The year 2019 became a starting point in the educational sector of almost all countries of the European Union. The СOVID-19 pandemics has changed the classical form of learning and teaching to a new, yet unexplored well, distance one. The start of the war in Ukraine on February 24, 2022 made this form of the educational process an integral characteristic of modern education in our independent country.
The purpose is to investigate theoretical and practical conceptual foundations of individualization of future foreign languages teacher’s professional training in distance education at the institutions of higher education.
Methodology. The methods of the educational research context, data collection, data analysis and reporting of the students’ responses were used. Some questionnaires and interviews were used in this study to elicit the answers of different lecturers at Volodymyr Vynnychenko Central Ukrainian State Pedagogical University. We have found that the process of professional training becomes more effective if certain pedagogical conditions of students’ teaching training are created and implemented. The basis for our research was scientific and pedagogical studies relevant to future foreign languages teacher’s professional training in distance education conditions.
Results. The essence of the concepts “individualization of professional training”, “distance studying of foreign languages” has been defined. The main tasks of individualization of future foreign languages teacher’s professional training in distance education conditions as well as the readiness of the lecturers and students of the foreign languages faculty for the introduction of distance form of future specialists’ training in foreign philology have been characterized.
The main approaches to the training of future specialists in foreign languages and means of adaptation of lecturers and students in the conditions of the distance form of the educational process’ organization have been analyzed. The author also outlined qualitative tools for constructive “teacher-student” communication within the distance training of a future teacher of foreign languages and highlighted ICT tools for training a future teacher in the field of foreign philology.
It has been determined that individualized distance teaching training is a complex pedagogical phenomenon comprising goals, contents, structures and processes of teaching. It determines the effectiveness of teaching a foreign language and requires a certain degree of learner’s maturity.
In order to determine the main evaluative judgments of this study, research of various components of distance education and levels of professional training of the future teacher of foreign languages at IHE has been conducted. The analyzed results lead us to the opinion that, despite all its advantages and disadvantages, distance training of the future teacher of foreign languages reflects the modern conditions of the development of Ukrainian education and has taken its place in the educational process of every institution of higher education.
Conclusions. Distance education allows you to study at home according to a convenient schedule and in the most comfortable conditions. In addition, knowledge control with this form of education can also be carried out in distance – students prepare scientific papers, pass electronic examination tests, take exams for teachers through video conferences, etc. The use of interactive technologies in a foreign language lesson involves an active creative process of cooperation between the teacher and students, and also stimulates cognitive activity during and after the lesson.
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