Author Guidelines

You can submit your manuscript via the Submission Form or send a manuscript as one file via e-mail to educationalchallengesjournal@gmail.com

 1. Manuscripts:

  • Articles should be original, they should outline problems, issues, key results of the author's research.
  • The articles are verified by anti-plagiarism software for originality.
  • Articles must satisfy the Journal requirements.
  • By submitting a manuscript for publication the author(s):

Submission of a manuscript implies that it has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that if accepted it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language.

2. General Guidelines for Manuscript Preparation. Article Style. Citing in the Text.
This section provides detailed general style and formatting requirements for manuscripts. 
Manuscripts should be prepared following the general style guidelines set out in the Publication:  EASE (European Association of Science Editors) Guidelines for Authors and Translators of Scientific Articles to be Published in English.
The accurate and clear expression of your thoughts and research information should be the primary goal of scientific writing. Remember that accuracy and clarity are even more important when trying to get complicated ideas across. Contain your literature review, ideas, and discussions to your topic, theme, model, review, commentary, or case. Avoid vague terminology and too much prose. Use short rather than long sentences. A sentence made of more than 40 words should probably be rewritten as two sentences. Avoid Adjectives and Adverbs. If jargon has to be utilized keep it to a minimum and explain the terms you do use clearly. Write with a measure of formality, using scientific language and avoiding conjunctions, slang, and discipline or regionally specific nomenclature or terms (e.g. exercise nicknames). Journal prefer authors to write in the active voice ("we performed the experiment...") as experience has shown that readers find concepts and results to be conveyed more clearly if written directly. We have also found that use of several adjectives to qualify one noun in highly technical language can be confusing to readers. Over the whole document, make the average sentence length 15-20 words. The editors reserve the right to make any final adjustments to the manuscript to ensure consistency within the journal.
Manuscripts should meet the general requirements.
The text should be 1.5 spaced, in Times New Roman, 14-point typeface. Margins: 2 cm at top, bottom, right, and left. Manuscript size: 4.0006.000 words.
Citing in the Text – APA Style (7th edition)

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TITLE PAGE should carry:

  • the article title in English (the most important summary of a scientific article, should also include information on the scope of investigation);
  • the article title in Ukrainian or your native language;
  • full names: first name and family names of all authors (maximum 4 authors);
  • authors’ affiliations (scientific degree and academic rank, current institutional position, personal or institutional email, full institutional name and full institutional correspondence address, city, country); if authors belong to different institutions, superscript digits should be used to relate the authors’ names to respective institutions;
  • The registrations on the ORCID page https://orcid.org/ is free.
  • author’s photo

Example:
Author’s First name and Family name1, Author’s First name and Family name2 
1 Affiliation & Short Biography (information about the academic title & degree; affiliation; e-mail address; ORCID ID);
2 Affiliation & Short Biography (information about the academic title & degree; affiliation; e-mail address; ORCID ID).
Note: see template or published article

ABSTRACT PAGE should carry:
Structured abstract (250350 words / 1.800 characters), consisting of the following sections:

  • Purpose: should describe clearly the rationale for the study being done.
  • Methodology: mention the methods, materials, techniques, procedures used without going into extensive methodological detail. Include sample sizes for key experiments as appropriate.
  • Results: list basic findings, results without any introduction. Draw no conclusions.
  • Conclusions: provide the key conclusions as clearly as possible. You may also include a brief, more general interpretation of the results and/or specific recommendations for future research.

Keywords: 5 to 7 keywords (not from the title) in alphabetical order that describe the content of the paper written strictly. These descriptors should be as standard as possible, thus guaranteeing searches in the bibliographic bases and indexes.

Note. The same Abstract and Keywords must be in Ukrainian or your native language.

BODY TEXT (Introduction (including Purpose), Methodology (including Methods and Materials), Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements /if necessary/, Conflict of interests, Funding, and References /according to APA Style (7th edition) requirements/):

INTRODUCTION
Should be comprehensible to a general reader. Authors should briefly introduce the problem, particularly emphasizing the last data. It should be brief, in such a way as to provide a reader with sufficient background information. The length of the introduction should not exceed 1/4 of the full article (a full article is 4000-6000 words), describing the aim and scope of the problem, previous research analysis, the Purpose of the study.

METHODOLOGY
It is essential to make a concise but complete description of the research type, and the selection of the methods and materials, techniques, procedures used.
If it is experimental research the Methodology section consists typically of three subsections: Participants, Procedure, and Statistical analysis (optionally).
You can choose to add other subsections if they can be justified.
Participants:

  • Example. Thirty university students and staff members (28 women and 2 men), aged 18-24 years, volunteered to participate in the experiment. All were assigned to the same experimental task. In this experiment, informed consent was obtained orally from all participants.

Procedure:
The Procedure subsection is the second subsection.-

  • and it gives a reader a summary of each step in the research execution. This summary must be concise, precise, and logical. Do not burden a reader with too much detail, but give enough, so a reader can follow what is being done;
  •  and it tells a reader what equipment, tools you used to run your experiment and to acquire data.

Statistical analysis:
Within the subheading Statistical analysis: the authors need to explain which statistical tests were used in their data analysis and the rationale for using those tests. Care must be taken to assure that: a) all tests used are listed in the Methodology under Statistical analysis, as well as b) that all tests listed are indeed applied in the study. From this section, every reader should be able to understand which test exactly was used for every comparison of the data presented with the Results section. At the end of the Statistical analysis, the authors need to state the level of significance applied in their study and the statistical program used.
Should describe clearly the selection of observational or experimental subjects including controls, such as age, gender, inclusion and exclusion criteria, (the circumstances for rejection from the study should be clearly defined), randomization and masking (blinding) method.
The protocol of data acquisition, procedures, investigated parameters, methods of measurements, and apparatus should be described in sufficient detail to allow other scientists to reproduce the results. Name and references to the established methods should be given. References and a brief description should be provided for methods that have been published but are not well known, whereas new or substantially modified methods should be described in detail. The reasons for using them should be provided along with the evaluation of their limitations. Names of devices used should be followed by the information.
The statistical methods should be described in detail to enable verification of the reported results. List the tests used. Relate each test to particular data analysis. This should be repeated in the Results section. Statistical significances should be shown along with the data in the text, as well as in tables and figures.
Studies on volunteers require informed consent mentioned in the manuscript text. In reports on the experiments on human subjects, it should be indicated whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) or with the 2008 revision of the Helsinki Declaration.

RESULTS
Should concisely and reasonably summarize the findings. Restrict tables and figures to the number needed to explain the argument of the paper and assess its support. Do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Give numbers of observations and report exclusions or losses to observation such as dropouts from a study. Report complications. The results should be presented in a logical sequence in the text, tables and illustrations related to the statements in the text by means of reference remarks. Do not repeat in the text all the data from the tables or graphs. Emphasize only important observations.
Present the information obtained in a clear manner, specifying the main findings, without any interpretation. It is necessary to include the interpretations after the results, identifying the answers to the research questions, with the appropriate explanation.

DISCUSSION
Should include interpretation of study findings, and results considered in the context of results in other studies reported in the references. Do not repeat in detail data or other material from the Introduction, Theoretical framework, or Results section. Include in the Discussion the implications of the findings and their limitations, including implications for future research. The discussion should confront the results of other investigations especially those quoted in the text.

CONCLUSIONS
Should be linked with the purpose of the study. They must be clear, and they must express the final research balance. Include recommendations when appropriate. Unqualified statements and conclusions not completely supported by the obtained data should be avoided.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS (if necessary)
List all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, such as technical assistants, writing assistants or head of department who provided only general support. Describe their role. Financial and other material support should be disclosed and acknowledged.

CONFLICT OF INTERESTS
The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper.

FUNDING
The authors declare that this study received no specific financial support (or received financial support from Fund #12345 or Grant #12345).

REFERENCES: at least 15, APA Style (7th edition).
The article must contain up-to-date references to papers included in the Web of Science, Scopus, and this Journal as well.
All references not in English must be transliterated, for example, from Ukrainian with ukrlit.org.
The authors may use self-citation not more than 10-15 % in references.
Include a DOI for all works that have a DOI, regardless of whether you used the online version or the print version or at least the URL address of the works.
Avoid using abstracts as references. Unpublished observations and personal communications cannot be used as references. If essential, such material may be incorporated in the appropriate place in the text.

REFERENCE EXAMPLES (in English).
Book/Ebook References
Whole authored book
Jackson, L. M. (2019). The psychology of prejudice: From attitudes to social action (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000168-000

Sapolsky, R. M. (2017). Behave: The biology of humans at our best and worst. Penguin Books.

Whole edited book
Kesharwani, P. (Ed.). (2020). Nanotechnology based approaches for tuberculosis treatment. Academic Press.

Torino, G. C., Rivera, D. P., Capodilupo, C. M., Nadal, K. L., & Sue, D. W. (Eds.). (2019). Microaggression theory: Influence and implications. John Wiley & Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119466642

Several volumes of a multivolume work
Harris, K. R., Graham, S., & Urdan T. (Eds.). (2012). APA educational psychology handbook (Vols. 1–3). American Psychological Association.

Chapter in an edited book
Aron, L., Botella, M., & Lubart, T. (2019). Culinary arts: Talent and their development. In R. F. Subotnik, P. Olszewski-Kubilius, & F. C. Worrell (Eds.), The psychology of high performance: Developing human potential into domain-specific talent (pp. 345–359). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000120-016

Dillard, J. P. (2020). Currents in the study of persuasion. In M. B. Oliver, A. A. Raney, & J. Bryant (Eds.), Media effects: Advances in theory and research (4th ed., pp. 115–129). Routledge.

Chapter in an edited book, reprinted from another book
Bronfenbrenner, U. (2005). The social ecology of human development: A retrospective conclusion. In U. Bronfenbrenner (Ed.), Making human beings human: Bioecological perspectives on human development (pp. 27–40). SAGE Publications. (Reprinted from Brain and intelligence: The ecology of child development, pp. 113–123, by F. Richardson, Ed., 1973, National Educational Press)

 Wikipedia Entry References
Oil painting. (2019, December 8). In Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oil_painting&oldid=929802398

 Journal article
Grady, J. S., Her, M., Moreno, G., Perez, C., & Yelinek, J. (2019). Emotions in storybooks: A comparison of storybooks that represent ethnic and racial groups in the United States. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 8(3), 207–217. https://doi.org/10.1037/ppm0000185

Jerrentrup, A., Mueller, T., Glowalla, U., Herder, M., Henrichs, N., Neubauer, A., & Schaefer, J. R. (2018). Teaching medicine with the help of “Dr. House.” PLoS ONE, 13(3), Article e0193972. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0193972

Magazine Article References
Lyons, D. (2009, June 15). Don't ‘iTune’ us: It’s geeks versus writers. Guess who’s winning. Newsweek, 153(24), 27.

 Newspaper article
Carey, B. (2019, March 22). Can we get better at forgetting? The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/22/health/memory-forgetting-psychology.html

Harlan, C. (2013, April 2). North Korea vows to restart shuttered nuclear reactor that can make bomb-grade plutonium. The Washington Post, A1, A4.

Blog post
Ouellette, J. (2019, November 15). Physicists capture first footage of quantum knots unraveling in superfluid. Ars Technica. https://arstechnica.com/science/2019/11/study-you-can-tie-a-quantum-knot-in-a-superfluid-but-it-will-soon-untie-itself/

Report by a Government Agency References
National Cancer Institute. (2019). Taking time: Support for people with cancer (NIH Publication No. 18-2059). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. https://www.cancer.gov/publications/patient-education/takingtime.pdf

Conference presentation
Evans, A. C., Jr., Garbarino, J., Bocanegra, E., Kinscherff, R. T., & Márquez-Greene, N. (2019, August 8–11). Gun violence: An event on the power of community [Conference presentation]. APA 2019 Convention, Chicago, IL, United States. https://convention.apa.org/2019-video

Conference Proceeding References
Conference proceedings published in a journal
Duckworth, A. L., Quirk, A., Gallop, R., Hoyle, R. H., Kelly, D. R., & Matthews, M. D. (2019). Cognitive and noncognitive predictors of success. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 116(47), 23499–23504. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1910510116

Conference proceedings published as a whole book
Kushilevitz, E., & Malkin, T. (Eds.). (2016). Lecture notes in computer science: Vol. 9562. Theory of cryptography. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-49096-9

Conference proceedings published as a book chapter
Bedenel, A.-L., Jourdan, L., & Biernacki, C. (2019). Probability estimation by an adapted genetic algorithm in web insurance. In R. Battiti, M. Brunato, I. Kotsireas, & P. Pardalos (Eds.), Lecture notes in computer science: Vol. 11353. Learning and intelligent optimization (pp. 225–240). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05348-2_21

Published Dissertation or Thesis References
Kabir, J. M. (2016). Factors influencing customer satisfaction at a fast food hamburger chain: The relationship between customer satisfaction and customer loyalty (Publication No. 10169573) [Doctoral dissertation, Wilmington University]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

Miranda, C. (2019). Exploring the lived experiences of foster youth who obtained graduate level degrees: Self-efficacy, resilience, and the impact on identity development (Publication No. 27542827) [Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University]. PQDT Open. https://pqdtopen.proquest.com/doc/2309521814.html?FMT=AI

Zambrano-Vazquez, L. (2016). The interaction of state and trait worry on response monitoring in those with worry and obsessive-compulsive symptoms [Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona]. UA Campus Repository. https://repository.arizona.edu/handle/10150/620615