Inclusive Education Implementation: the Experience of the Faculty of Primary Education
Keywords:Adaptation, Inclusive Education, Inclusive Educational Environment, Curatorship, Educational Process, Psychological and Pedagogical Support, Students with Special Educational Needs
Considering the current reality, there are new requirements for the organization of the educational process in higher education institutions of Ukraine. Thus, the problems and ways of the implementation of inclusive education for students with special educational needs are becoming increasingly important.
The purpose of the study is to substantiate theoretically the problems and ways of implementing inclusive education in Ukraine based on the experience of the Faculty of Primary Education of H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University.
Methodology. A retrospective analysis of the development of inclusive higher education in Ukraine has been used; it has been found that it is necessary to organize an inclusive environment and implement training for students with special educational needs in higher education institutions. The study was based on the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of July 10, 2019 № 635 “On approval of the Procedure for the organization of inclusive education in higher education institutions”, educational programs on 013 Primary Education, and scientific and pedagogical works on conceptual approaches to the implementation of inclusive education; organization of training of persons with special educational needs; principles and functions of inclusive education, which indicated the need for inclusive education in higher education institutions.
Results. The essence of the concept "inclusive education" has been defined. Problems of higher education of people with special needs have been described. The system of education of students with special needs has been determined. It is noted that art HUB for students and university teachers with special educational needs in H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University has been opened. It has been determined that there are elective subjects “Fundamentals of inclusive education” (for the 3rd year students) and “Features of working with an inclusive child” (for the 4th year students) in the educational program “Primary Education” at the Faculty of Primary Education of H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University. The educational program "Primary education with methods of special education" for applicants for the first (bachelor's) level of higher education has been described. The examples of students’ working with an inclusive child are described.
Conclusions. The process of successful integration of people with special needs in a higher education institution requires a systematic solution of many tasks. Creating an environment accessible to people with special needs is becoming an unconditional requirement for the development of higher education institutions and significantly affects the competitiveness of a modern IHE.
Antykryzovyi media-tsentr (2018, October 2). Inkliuzyvna osvita v Ukraini: osnovni pryntsypy ta tsinnosti [Inclusive Education in Ukraine: Basic Principles and Values]. https://acmc.com.ua/osnovni-printsipi-tatsinnosti-inklyuzivnoyi-osviti/ (In Ukrainian).
H.S. Skovoroda KhNPU. (2021). Inkliuzyvnyi art-khab u Kharkivskomu natsionalnomu pedahohichnomu universyteti imeni H.S. Skovorody [Inclusive art hub at H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University]. http://pu.ac.kharkov.ua/uk/news/inklyuzyvnyy-art-hab-u-harkivskomu-nacionalnomu-pedagogichnomu-universyteti-imeni-gsskovorody (In Ukrainian).
Kalіnіn, A. (2020). Realizatsiia pryntsypiv inkliuzyvnoi osvity pry vprovadzhenni proiektu "Osvita dlia vsikh". [Implementation of the principles of inclusive education in the implementation of the project "Education for All"] (Publication No. n.d.) [Master’s Degree Thesis, National Aviation University]. https://er.nau.edu.ua/bitstream/NAU/ NAU/45325/1/ФЛСК_2020_231_Калінін.pdf (In Ukrainian).
Kazachiner, O. (2020). Developing Philology Teachers’ Inclusive Competence in Postgraduate Education. Educational Challenges, 25(1), 31–45. https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2020.25.1.03
Kolchenko, K.O., Nikulina, H.F. (2013). Kontseptualni pidkhody do vprovadzhennia inkliuzyvnoi osvity u vyshchykh navchalnykh zakladakh [Conceptual approaches to the implementation of inclusive education in higher education institutions]. Zbirnyk «Aktualni problemy navchannia ta vykhovannia liudei z osoblyvymy potrebamy», 10(12), 12-21. http://ap.uu.edu.ua/article/38 (In Ukrainian).
Kolupaieva, A. (2014). Inkliuzyvna osvita yak model sotsialnoho ustroiu [Inclusive education as a model of social order]. Osobliva ditina: navchannya і vihovannya, 2, 7-18. http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/DLog_2014_2_3 (In Ukrainian).
Kolupaieva, A.A. (Eds.). (2012). Osnovy inkliuzyvnoi osvity [Fundamentals of inclusive education]. A.S.K. https://www.slideshare.net/Gala2308/ss-68118978 (In Ukrainian).
Konvencіia pro prava osіb z іnvalіdnіstiu. № 1767-VI vіd 16.12.2009 [Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities № 1767-VI from 16.12.2009]. (2009). https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/995_g71#Text (In Ukrainian).
Korektsiina osvita. (n.d.). Іnkliuzyvna osvіta: sutnіst, poniattia, termіnolohіia [Inclusive education: essence, concepts, terminology]. http://doshkilla.blogspot.com/2012/03/blogpost.html (In Ukrainian).
Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine. (2019, January 25). 4 roky vprovadzhennia inkliuzii і [4 years of implementation of inclusion]. https://mon.gov.ua/ua/news/4-roki-vprovadzhennya-inklyuziyi-ponad-12-tis-shkolyariv-ta-majzhe-22-tis-doshkilnyat-z-osoblivimi-osvitnimi-potrebami-navchayutsya-razom-z-odnolitkami (In Ukrainian).
Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine. (2021, August 30). Metodychni rekomendatsii shchodo orhanizatsii navchannia osib z osoblyvymy osvitnimy potrebamy – lyst MON [Methodical recommendations on the organization of training of persons with special educational needs – a letter from the Ministry of Education and Science]. https://mon.gov.ua/ua/news/metodichni-rekomendaciyi-shodo-organizaciyi-navchannya-osib-z-osoblivimi-osvitnimi-potrebami-list-mon (In Ukrainian).
Myskiv, L. (2013). Pryntsypy, zavdannia ta funktsii inkliuzyvnoi osvity yak svitovoi modeli sotsializatsii osib z obmezhenymy mozhlyvostiamy [Principles, tasks and functions of inclusive education as a global model of socialization of people with disabilities]. Yevropeiski perspektyvy, 10, 66-70. http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/evpe_2013_10_12 (In Ukrainian).
Nakaz MON № 912 vіd 01.10.2010. Pro zatverdzhennya koncepcіi rozvytku іnkliuzyvnoho navchannia [Order of MES № 912 from 01.10.2010. On approval of the Concept of inclusive education development]. (2010). https://osvita.ua/legislation/Ser_osv/9189/ (In Ukrainian).
Peppler Barry, U. (Ed.). (2000). Dakar Framework for Action “Education for All”: fulfilling our collective commitments. UNESCO. http://www.unesco.org/education/efa/ed_for_all/dakfram_eng.shtml
Postanova Kabіnetu Mіnіstrіv Ukrainy vіd 10 lipnya 2019 r. № 635 «Pro zatverdzhennia Poriadku orhanіzacіi іnkliuzyvnoho navchannia u zakladah vyshchoii osvіty». [Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of July 10, 2019 № 635 "On approval of the Procedure for the organization of inclusive education in higher education institutions"]. (2019). https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/635-2019-%D0%BF#Text (In Ukrainian).
Shokan, A. (n.d.). Yak pratsiuie inkliuziia v ukrainskykh universytetakh i choho yii brakuie [How inclusion works in Ukrainian universities and what it lacks]. Socportal.info. https://socportal.info/ua/news/yak-realizuiut-inkliuziiu-v-ukrainskikh-universitetakh/ (In Ukrainian).
Sofii N.Z., & Naida Yu. M. (2007). Kontseptualni aspekty inkliuzyvnoi osvity [Conceptual aspects of inclusive education]. In L.I. Danylenko (Ed.), Inkliuzyvna shkola: osoblyvosti orhanizatsii ta upravlinnia. http://www.ussf.kiev.ua/iearticles/72/ (In Ukrainian).
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Tetiana Dovzhenko
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.